PARIS - The world of work is getting older. Today people between the ages of 45 and 64 account for some 40% of the working-age population in OECD countries, up from 28% in 1990.

Two powerful and persistent trends – longer lifespans and lower birth rates – all but guarantee that the average age of the workforce will continue to rise.

The implications are profound for the labour market, government finances, healthcare and welfare systems, and millions of mid-career workers.

Based on a survey of thousands of employed and unemployed people, and hiring managers, the evidence presented in this report aims to foster a more inclusive and resilient labour market for workers at all stages of their careers.